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ISSN : 1225-1534(Print)
ISSN : 2287-6936(Online)
Publications of the Korean Astronomical Society Vol.30 No.3 pp.789-800
DOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.5303/PKAS.2015.30.3.789

EDUCATION AND SELECTION OF ASTRONOMICAL ALMANAC OFFICIALS IN THE 19th CENTURY

CHOI GOEUN, MIHN BYEONG-HEE ,LEE YONG SAM
Korea University of Science and Technology/Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute Korea University of Science and Technology/Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute/Chungbuk National University Chungbuk National University

Abstract

During the Joseon dynasty, the Gwansanggam (觀象監, The Royal Astronomical Observatory) was the royal administration in charge of Astronomy (天文), Geography (地理), Calendars (曆), Astronomical and meteorological observation (測候), and Timekeeping (刻漏). Of those affairs, the Astronomical Almanac compilation was most important. In this paper, we study the education and selection of astronomical officials in the 19th century during the Joseon dynasty, focusing on Astronomical Almanac officials. According to this study, their main area was calendar calculation, and they were involved in Astronomical Almanac compilation for nearly 40 years, until they resigned. In addition, they served as Samryeok-susulgwan (三曆 修述官, Official for calendar calculation by the Shíxiàn calendar), and Ilgwa-gamingwan (日課監印官, Official printing supervisor). To undertake these core duties, an official had to pass several examinations and courses. The Gwansanggam (after Gwansangso) carried out the educational function for the officials. In particular, reserved officials of the astronomy division had to be educated starting with a trainee course.

초록

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Table

  1. Journal Abbreviation : PKAS
    Frequency : Three times a year
    Doi Prefix : 10.5303/PKAS.
    Year of Launching : 1984
    Publisher : The Korean Astronomical Society
    Indexed/Tracked/Covered By :

  2. Online Submission

    http://submission.kas.org/

  3. The Korean
    Astronomical Society
    (KAS)

  4. Editorial Office
    Contact Information

    B.D. 45 Rm. 103, Seoul National University, Gwanak-ro 1,
    Gwanak-gu, Seoul 08826, Korea
    - Tel: +82-2-886-4387
    - Fax: +82-2-885-4387
    - E-mail: pkas_at_kasi.re.kr