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ISSN : 1225-1534(Print)
ISSN : 2287-6936(Online)
Publications of the Korean Astronomical Society Vol.36 No.1 pp.1-23
DOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.5303/PKAS.2021.36.1.001

ANALYSIS OF THE RECORDS ON REIGN STYLE AND CALENDRICAL DATA OF THREE KINGDOMS PERIOD (B.C. 57 – A.D. 935) IN KOREA

KI-WON LEE1, YOUNG SOOK AHN2, YONG-JU JEONG3
1Daegu Catholic University, Gyeongsan 38430, Korea
2Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute, Daejeon 34055, Korea
3Kyungpook National University, Daegu 41566, Korea
E-mail: leekw@cu.ac.kr

Abstract

We analyzed the records on the reign style and the calendrical data presented in the Samguksagi (History of the Three Kingdoms) and the epigraph of the Three Kingdoms (Silla, Goguryeo, and Baekje) period in Korea (B.C. 57 – A.D. 935) to verify the chronological tables of the period that are currently in use. For the epigraph of the Three Kingdoms of Korea, we utilized the database provided by the National Research Institute of Cultural Heritage. By analyzing the records on the reign style, first, we found that the Yeonpyo (Chronological Table) of the Samguksagi is tabularized using the reign style of the Caowei for the period of Three Kingdoms of China (Caowei, Shuhan, and Sunwu) (A.D. 220 – 280). Second, we found that the reign style of the Silla was promulgated during the reign period of a king, which was usually promulgated when a king acceded in China. Third, we found that the reign styles presented in historical materials showed agreement with those of the Yeonpyo except for two cases in the Goguryeo. Concerning the records on the calendrical data, first, we confirmed that accession years of kings Michu, Beobheung, Seondeok, Minae, Gyeongmun, and Seongdeok. On the other hand, we found probable errors in the record of accession years for the kings Munja, Wideok, Aejang, and Heonan. Next, we found that the records of the length of a lunar month, leap month, and cyclic day showed agreement with the current chronological table except for several cases. In particular, cyclic days in the solar eclipse account had a relatively large number of discrepancies. We believe that these errors might have been caused by the inaccurate identification of a year in the records of the Three Kingdoms while determining the year by referring to Chinese historical documents. Finally, we found that the starting point was included while counting a year, at least from the Three Kingdoms period, similar to the current method of counting age in Korea. However, we point out that the starting point should be excluded when the term “after” is used in the expression. We believe that this study is very useful to verify the current chronological table of the Three Kingdoms period in Korea.

삼국시대(B.C. 57 ~ A.D. 935) 연호와 역일 기록 분석

이기원1, 안영숙2, 정용주3
1대구가톨릭대학교,
2한국천문연구원,
3경북대학교

초록

 

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Table

  1. Journal Abbreviation : PKAS
    Frequency : Three times a year
    Doi Prefix : 10.5303/PKAS.
    Year of Launching : 1984
    Publisher : The Korean Astronomical Society
    Indexed/Tracked/Covered By :

  2. Online Submission

    http://submission.kas.org/

  3. The Korean
    Astronomical Society
    (KAS)

  4. Editorial Office
    Contact Information

    B.D. 45 Rm. 103, Seoul National University, Gwanak-ro 1,
    Gwanak-gu, Seoul 08826, Korea
    - Tel: +82-2-886-4387
    - Fax: +82-2-885-4387
    - E-mail: pkas_at_kasi.re.kr